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About Ghana

Akwaaba! Welcome!

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A country of just under 20 million people, the West African Republic of Ghana is located on the Gulf of Guinea, east of Cote d'Ivoire, south of Burkina Faso, and west of Togo. Lake Volta, which was formed in 1964 with the construction of the Akosombo dam, covers much of the southeast of the country, and is the site of the famous Kujani National Park. Low-lying savannah and forest areas cover most of the rest of the country.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the Ashanti empire ruled Ghana. The Ashanti capital of Kumasi was considered one of the most advanced cities in Africa. Europeans looking to benefit from the gold, ivory and slave trades established their presence in Ghana as evidenced by the number of colonial forts constructed along the coast. After the British defeated the Ashanti in 1900, Ghana, then known as the Gold Coast, became a British colony. In the 1950's, led by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, a strong self-government movement took hold leading to Ghana becoming the first nation in sub-Saharan Africa to achieve independence in 1957.

Independence was followed by decades of turbulence and military rule until 1992 when the country re-established its parliamentary democracy. Today Ghana's relative stability and its friendly people make it a comfortable country for tourists and business people alike. Security of life and property is highly valued in Ghana and the country has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. The country has been taking extraordinary measures in its move toward economic prosperity, and seems today to possess one of the most promising futures of any of the West African nations.

Ghana is comprised of numerous ethnic groups the largest being the Akans (Twi and Fanta speaking people), along with Dagabas, Dagombas, Ewes, Frafras, Gas, Gonjas, Guans and Walas. Even though English is the country's official language, ethnic groups continue to use their own languages: Ewe, Ga, Twi, Dagbani, Fanta, Hausa and Nzema.

Traditional African religions are practiced by a quarter of the population while 60% of Ghanaians are Christian and 15% are Muslim.

For more information about Ghana visit these on-line resources:

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